Designers often specialize in one or more specific types of interior design.
Residential interior design focuses on the planning and/or specifying of interior materials and products used in private residences.
ASID divides commercial design into the following sub-specialties:
Entertainment design brings together the use of interiors, lighting, sound and other technologies for movies, television, videos, dramatic and musical theater, clubs, concerts, theme parks and industrial projects.
- Facilities Management
A facilities manager develops schedules for building upkeep and maintenance, addressing safety and health issues and lighting and acoustics needs. A facilities manager also plans and coordinates office moves or expansions, and serves as project manager during construction or renovation.
A government designer is familiar with the very specific needs and requirements associated with working with government agencies, such as military bases, federal buildings or government offices. An institutional designer focuses on projects such as child care, educational, religious, correctional and recreational facilities, fire and police stations, courts, embassies, libraries, auditoriums, museums and transportation terminals.
- Health Care
Health care designers create environments for hospitals; clinics; examination rooms; surgical suites; mobile units; hospice care homes; nursing, assisted living or long term care facilities; or any other health care environment.
Hospitality design focuses on environments that entertain or host the public, including nightclubs, restaurants, theaters, hotels, city and country clubs, golf facilities, cruise ships and conference facilities.
Office design focuses on the public and private areas utilized by corporate and professional service firms.
- Retail/Store Planning
Retail design and store planning concentrate on retail venues, including boutiques, department stores, outlets, showrooms, food retailing centers and shopping malls.
The following are not design specialties but rather approaches to design that cut across design specialties.
- Sustainable Design
Also referred to as “green” design or “eco-design,” sustainable design is concerned with the environmental/ecological, economic, ethical and social aspects and impacts of design.
- Universal Design
An extension of “barrier-free” design, universal design employs products and solutions originally developed for individuals with disabilities to increase ease of use, access, safety and comfort for all users.